Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War from 1962-1975 has been the country’s longest military involvement in duration of any war. There were many reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War, including the allegiance commitments of South-East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). In July 1964 Warrant Officer Kevin Conway became the first Australian to be killed in action in Vietnam after a US camp was attacked with mortars and overrun by Viet Cong soldiers. There was no alternative but to respond as we have. In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Australia’s commitment to Vietnam remained relatively small, with around 60,000 soldiers serving there during the conflict. Two Australian battalions, two Special Air Service (SAS) squadrons and several engineer squadrons served in Borneo. Like its new ally America, Australia had also been subject to anti-communist scares and hysteria. However, this is a benefit for the Australia because they will be helped if they were in an event of attack. There were many key reasons for Australias involvement in the Vietnam War. REASONS FOR INVOLVEMENT  One of the central reasons influencing Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War was the domino theory (as already mentioned). Without cutting its ties with Britain, Canberra began to draw closer to the United States, now a more formidable power in the Pacific region. Arthur Calwell, explaining his party’s opposition to involvement in Vietnam, April 1965 “The Menzies government has made a reckless decision on Vietnam which this nation may live to regret. There were 7 main reasons for Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war, they were; The conservative press and politicians blamed these strikes on the CPA, which they blamed for industrial destabilisation. There were two important reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War: 1.Fear of Communism 2. The 1964-1972 anti-Vietnam anti-conscription movement was specifically aimed at ending Australia’s intervention in Vietnam and the associated conscription scheme. Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War...The Vietnam war is also known as the Second Indo-china war. The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. There were a number of long-term and short-term reasons to explain why the USA became involved in Vietnam in the late 1950s. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. They used counter-insurgency tactics and avoided major roads, paths and obvious ambush points. Hi, So I have a history essay that I need to write tomorrow and I was hoping to write a draft. However, the … The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. Sir Robert Menzies was elected Prime Minister of Australia in 1949 and maintained leadership for sixteen years. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. There are two main reasons why Australia got involved in the Vietnam War. It was believed that the issue of Gulf War Syndrome, a war that began with 100 combat deaths, that now count well over 65,000 – cause unknown cause unacknowledged was hoped by some to keep alive the issue of the real cost of war. Until the Vietnam War ended in 1975, Australian forces had been fighting somewhere in the world almost consistently since Federation in 1901, and without pause from 1939 onwards. The Communist Party of Australia (CPA), formed in 1920, had been banned during World War II. 4. The Vietnam War which went from 1965 to 1975 involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to prevent South Vietnam from an invasion by the communist North Vietnaese. There are two main reasons why Australia got involved in the Vietnam War. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. The main reason that made Australia involved in the Vietnam War was the fear of communism. In 1954 Australia became a foundation member of the South-East Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO). In 1964 Canberra introduced conscription to increase its defence force. Australia responded with 30 military advisers. There was very little complex analysis of their background or political goals. There were 7 main reasons for Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war, they were; Through the 1950s Menzies’ government attempted to assert Australia’s importance in the Asia-Pacific region. Australian combat troops were sent to Vietnam in 1965. Date accessed: December 17, 2020 It contains 184,073 words in 261 pages and was updated last on June 11th. In April 1965, Menzies announced the dispatch of the first Australian combat troops to Vietnam. 3. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/explain-the-reasons-for-australias-involvement-in-the-vietnam-war/, This is just a sample. Australia had suffered greatly from the Great Depression and had witnessed its armed forces decrease in size and effectiveness. Arthur Calwell, explaining his party’s opposition to involvement in Vietnam, April 1965 “The Menzies government has made a reckless decision on Vietnam which this nation may live to regret. The leaders of North Vietnam and South Vietnamese insurgents were painted in simple terms as communists. Due to the acts of the CPA (communist party of Australia) it made many Australians oppose communism. I do not own these images. Though its membership was never large, the CPA was a prominent and outspoken group. According to the Nominal Roll of Australian Vietnam Veterans, more than 59,000 Australians served in Vietnam during the period of the war. Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War “The decision to send an Australian infantry battalion to Vietnam is a grave one; these are inescapable obligations which fall on us because of our position, treaties and friendship. The forward defence policy was a tactical reason by Prime Minister Robert Menzies for Australia’s involvement. The media reacted to growing middle-class disenchantment with the war. The official estimate of the cost of the War, above the normal cost of maintaining the armed forces in Australia, was $43 million at the time of peak involvement between 1967 and 1970, amounting to a total of $218.4 million from 1962 to March 1972. Menzies announced the introduction of a National Service scheme – in effect a form of conscription – where males over the age of 20 would be selected by a ‘birthday ballot’. The events of late 1967 and 1968 undermined Australian support for Lyndon Johnson and the war in Vietnam. In March 1968, when Lyndon Johnson halted the bombing of North Vietnam and announced his decision not to stand for re-election, Gorton only found out from media reports. Menzies wanted to achieve a better lifestyle for all Australians and was bitterly opposed to communism. Australian society and politics were also affected by Cold War paranoia. The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power clo… There were many key reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War Australia became involved in the Vietnam War for a number of reasons. our expert writers, Hi, my name is Jenn There is much truth in the other answers. Holt announced publicly that Australia would “go all the way with LBJ”. Robert Menzies, then leader of Australia’s opposition party, played up this communist threat. URL: https://alphahistory.com/vietnamwar/australian-involvement-in-vietnam/ The following year he attempted to ban the CPA, declaring it an illegal organisation. Geographically, Vietnam is on Australia’s doorstep. Lyndon Johnson embarked on a reciprocal visit in October 1966, the first visit to Australia by a serving US president. A total of 521 Australian servicemen were killed in action during the Vietnam War. Since 1962 Australia’s involvement was a small number of Australian Army Training Team Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission. Johnson was welcomed in Australia by enormous crowds. Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War was a result of a combined fear of communism and the fall of freedom from danger in Australian democracy and society. The second main reason was to honour treaties such as the ANZUS Treaty, and toi support the US who had supported Australia in WW2 in it's fight against global communism, something strongly supported by the Australian PM of the time Robert Menzies. However, early on in the war the sentiment was much more positive. Australia’s involvement consisted of four critical reasons that made young Australians to go to war in Vietnam. Following the end of the Second World War the French had sought to reassert control over French Indochina. More than 300,000 people gathered along the president’s motorcade in Melbourne. In September 1957, Ngo Dinh Diem undertook a brief tour of Australia, where Australia’s leaders and its press hailed Diem as the “strong man of the South”, “incorruptible and intensely patriotic” and “the type of Asian leader whose straight talk and courageous manner should be valued”. Gorton, however, was more sceptical about how the Vietnam War was being fought and America’s military objectives in Vietnam. Australia sent contingents from the three services to fight with the […] The first had to do with preventing the spread of communism while … Vietnam remained Australia’s longest war until Afghanistan. In 1950, as the communist-backed Việt Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh, began to gain the ascendency in the First Indochina War, the Vietnamese nation had two p… Some Australians felt that the decision to go to war in Vietnam was a good idea. Australians feared infiltration of unions and political parties by communists, as well as communist expansion in Asia. The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. Nevertheless, Vietnam had made Australians think about war and their involvement in it in a different way. The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. There were two important reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War: 1.Fear of Communism 2. This was most clearly demonstrated through the use of effective and persuasive propaganda that depicted communism as a disease, or leaders such as Stalin as a spider with a web capturing the countries falling prey to communism. The Australian government committed troops to the Vietnam War in 1965. This close co-operation continued after the war. Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War was driven largely by the rise of communism in Southeast Asia after the Second World War, and the fear of its spread which developed in Australia during the 1950s and early 1960s. Australian military tactics tended to be more cautious and measured than those employed by their American allies. Intimations of defeat leavened the journalists’ copy: not only was the war a crime, it was also a losing battle.” Australia’s financial aid to South Vietnam was accompanied by moral support and enthusiastic rhetoric. For more information, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. Australia responded with 30 military advisers. His successor, John Gorton, was an Air Force fighter pilot who supported Australian military involvement in Vietnam. There are numerous reasons for Australia participating in World War II. The circumstances of this offer are shrouded in controversy. Australia was still a British colony (they would only gain full independence after the Australia Act in … This Vietnam War website is created and maintained by Alpha History. Explain the Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War. It became apparent that Britain was incapable and perhaps unwilling to assist with the defence of Australia. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Australian forces also supported Britain in Malaya and assisted Britain and Malaysia against Indonesia. The Vietnam War was a civil war, a war between the ideologies of capitalism and communism and a war that involved the great powers and their smaller allies, including Australia. Australia’s reasons for involvement in the Vietnam War consisted of a variety of influences that, combined, created a strong justification as to why troops should be sent there. The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. If South Vietnam were to fall to communism, and as the domino effect theory suggested would happen – other Asian countries like Thailand, Myanmar and Malaya were to follow. Any 20-year-old men in the country could be picked, if their birthday was drawn in the draft. While Diem was being celebrated, the Australian media demonised those who opposed him. 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