This document focuses on hazards and controls in dental offices and clinics. Harry McShane, age 16 years, 1908. Dental professionals are predisposed to a number of occupational hazards. A 1995 study of several OSHA standards by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) found that OSHA relies "generally on methods that provide a credible basis for the determinations essential to rulemakings". This information is important for employers, workers and OSHA in evaluating the safety of a workplace, understanding industry hazards, and implementing worker protections to reduce and eliminate hazards. In interviews, current and former OSHA officials said that the low rates of criminal enforcement were the result of "a bureaucracy that works at every level to thwart criminal referrals. Identification of exposed workers – particular attention should be given to: 1. workers with special needs, such as pregnant women, young workers, aging workers and workers with disabilities; 2. maintenance workers, cleaners, contractors and visitors 2. As in any other working environment, dental practice can beassociated with harmful effects to dentists, referred to asoccupational hazards. In Fiscal Year 2012 (ending Sept. 30), OSHA and its state partners conducted more than 83,000 inspections of workplaces across the United States — just a fraction of the nation’s worksites. Inspections are initiated without advance notice, conducted using on-site or telephone and facsimile investigations, performed by trained compliance officers and scheduled based on the following priorities [highest to lowest]: imminent danger; catastrophes – fatalities or hospitalizations; worker complaints and referrals; targeted inspections – particular hazards, high injury rates; and follow-up inspections. Occupational hazards of dentistry. [35] In 1978, the agency began a grant making program, now called the Susan Harwood Training Grant Program, to train workers and employers in identifying and reducing workplace hazards. [30] Workers only have the right to challenge the deadline by which a problem must be resolved. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements for employers to provide fall protection such as a safety harness/line or guardrails; prevent trenching cave-ins; prevent exposure to some infectious diseases; ensure the safety of workers who enter confined spaces; prevent exposure to harmful chemicals; put guards on dangerous machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs in a language and vocabulary workers can understand. : 12,16 Congress established the agency under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), which President Richard M. Nixon signed into law on December 29, 1970. Provide hearing exams or other medical tests when required by OSH Act standards. The following references aid in recognizing, controlling and preventing hazards in the workplace. Chemical Hazards C. Biological Hazards D. Mechanical Hazards E. Psychosocial Hazards 5. In these cases, private sector workers and employers remain under federal OSHA jurisdiction. Since 2001, OSHA has issued the following standards: OSHA is responsible for enforcing its standards on regulated entities. RADIATION EXPOSURE  In dentistry low level of radiation is used which causes few cell damage but even low level of radiation exposure over a prolong period of time may cause potential hazards to health  X-rays is an ionizing radiation that is capable of initiating and producing damage to body cells as well as carcinogenic and genetic change Rights and responsibilities under OSH Act law, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health, Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Voluntary Protection Programs Participants' Association, U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board, "FY 2015 Department of Labor Budget in Brief", "Regulatory Monitors: Policing Firms in the Compliance Era", https://eh.net/encyclopedia/history-of-workplace-safety-in-the-united-states-1880-1970-2/, "Section 19 of the OSHA Act of 1970: Federal Agency Safety Programs and Responsibilities", "OSHA Training Standards Policy Statement", "Personal Protective Equipment fact sheet", "OSHA Injury and Illness Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements", "Job Safety and Health: It's the Law Poster", "How to File a Confidential Complaint with OSHA", "Preventing occupational illnesses through safer chemical management", "Permissible Exposure Limits – Annotated Tables", "Final Rule to Update General Industry Walking-Working Surfaces and Fall Protection Standards - Occupational Safety and Health Administration", "Death on the Job: the Toll of Neglect. 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