This dynasty was the product of decades of alliances based on marriages between the Cholas and the Eastern… Parantaka Chola II expanded the Chola empire into what is now interior Andhra Pradesh and coastal Karnataka, while under the great Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas rose to a notable power in south east Asia. The Chalukya ruler Vikramaditya VI was married to a daughter of the Cholas. Athirajendra Chola. Rajendra Chola I (Rajendra Chola the Great) (Tamil: முதலாம் இராசேந்திர சோழன்) was the son of Rajaraja Chola I and considered one of the greatest rulers and military leaders of the Tamil Chola Empire.He succeeded his father in 1014 CE as the Chola emperor. We have a remarkable inscription of Rajaraja Chola’s, son Rajendra Chola dated 1033-34 CE, which records a generous grant of 2,000 Kalams (24 Kalams = One Quintal) of paddy per annum dedicated to the Shishyas ... Rajaraja Chola’s grandson, Rajendra Chola II continued this selfsame, illustrious cultural and spiritual tradition. 1063-1070 AD. He had a son also called Rajendra Chola who became joint ruler in 1059 assuming the title Rajakesari Rajamahendra. The famous grammatical work in Tamil, Virasoliyam was written by Buddhamitra during his period. The Chinese records of the Song Dynasty show that first mission to China from Chu-lien (Chola) reached that country in 1015 CE and the king of their country was Lo-ts’a-lo-ts’a (Rajaraja). He was born in a dynasty which once saw great rulers like , Karikala Chola, Vijayalaya Chola, Aditya Chola I, Parantaka I, Rajaraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola II etc. The Chalukya’ wanting to avenge the defeat at Koppam moved southwards. He attacked Bengal and defeated Pala ruler. Later, Virarajendra succeeded in 1063 and managed to split the Western Chalukya kingdom by convincing Vikramaditya IV to an alliance. King Rajendra Chola is said to have built a number of temples during his 30 year reign. He reasserted the Chola authority over the Chera and Pandya countries. Uttama Chola born Madurantaka ascended the Chola throne c. 970 CE succeeding Parantaka Chola II.According to Tiruvalangadu plates of Rajendra Chola, Madurantaka Uttama Chola's reign is placed after Aditya II.The latter may have been a co-regent of his father Sundara Chola and seems to have died before he could formally ascend the throne. He also led a campaign against the western Chalukyan King Satyasraya and his successor Jayasimha II crossing the Tungabhadra river and attacking them at the heart of their capital, ruining the Chalukyas. Rajendra Chola’s son, Rajendra Chola II’s daughter Madhurantaki in turn was married to Rajaraja Narendra’s son Rajendra Deva. Parantaka Chola strongly decided to conquer Pandyan empire and with a huge army attacked Madurai (capital of Pandyas). Chola Nadu — (சோழநாடு) Cauvery Delta, Cholamandalam Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu region … Adhira-jendra, the son of Vira Rajendra, died in confusing circumstances, hardly a few months after he had succeeded his father. Rajendra then pressed on his army up to Kolapur, in modern Maharashtra , where he planted a pillar of victory and returned to Gangaikonda Cholapuram . Also known by the name Parantaka Sundara Chola, he was the son of Arinjaya Chola and Kalyani, a princess from the clan of Vaidumbas. Temples and Lakes: His legacy. Rajendra chola is another great ruler of Chola Dyansty. Another, more decisive battle takes place in 1019, when Rajendra Chola surrounds the Chera capital and kills King Bhaskara Ravi Varman I in the fighting. Tamil Nadu-Wikipedia Rajaraja Narendra, Rajendra Chola II and his son and successor, Rajamahendra Chola exited the scene at the same time. He invaded the Chalukyan king and defeated him. Rajendra Chola I was declared crown prince in 1012 AD, but he was active with his father since 1002 AD, when he conquered the Rastrakuta Country on behalf of his father. Rajendra Chola 1 took the title Gangaikonda means the victor of Ganges. He reigned for six years after succeeding his brother. Rajendra II’s elder brother, Vira Rajendra ruled from 1064 to 1074 AD. [18] Chola-Fandya being only a title, it is difficult to understand if Rajendra-Chola Madhurantaka appointed one and the same son for the protection of both the Pandya and the Kerala countries or appointed two different sons. 1. Thus the whole of Sri Lanka was made part of the Chola Empire. He defeated Jayasimha II, the Western Chalukya king and the river Tungabadhra was recognised as the boundary bet-ween the Cholas and Chalukyas. Rajendra Chola II reigned as the Chola king succeeding his elder brother Rajadhiraja Chola in the 11th century. 3.1 Rajaraja and Rajendra chola However, the greatest claim to fame for Rajaraja Chola was his … until the demise of the empire in the second half of the 13th century. Rajendra II probably the second son of Rajendra I ruled from 1052 to 1064. Rajendra defeated him and seized the southern Sri Lanka. Rajendra II was the next ruler from 1052 to 1064 AD. 1012 - 1044: Rajendra Chola I: Son. The Cholas maintained matrimonial alliances with the Gangas of Kalinga and the Chalukyas of Vengi. He soon passed on the mantle to his son Rajendra Chola II. Rajendra Cholan : Rajendra Chola I was the son of Rajaraja Chola I, the great Chola king of South India. Another embassy from Shi-lo-cha Yin-to-loChu-lo (Sri Raja Indra Chola) reached China in 1033 CE and a third in 1077 CE during Kulothunga Chola I. [2] [3] [4] The Chola occupation would be overthrown in 1070 through a campaign of Sinhalese Resistance led by Prince Kitti , a Sinhalese royal. Rajendra Chola 1 built a capital called as Gangaikonda Cholapuram. He occupies a special place in the history of Tamil Nadu and in that of the whole of South India. Vira Rajendra. It can refer to: * Rajendra Chola I, a Chola emperor * Rajendra Chola II, a Chola emperor * Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India * Rajendra Prasad (actor), a Telugu language actor * Rajendra Krishan, a Bollywood … Wikipedia. Though Rajendra II had to struggle a lot with the Chalukyas, he was able to manage the Chola Empire. He succeeded his father in 1014 C.E. Rajendra Chola was also a able ruler like his father. Virarajendra Chola. Rajendra Chola II reigned as the Chola king succeeding his elder brother Rajadhiraja Chola in the 11th century. Rajendra Chola I (Rajendra Chola the Great) (Tamil: முதலாம் இராசேந்திர சோழன்) was the son of Rajaraja Chola I and was one of the greatest rulers of Tamil Chola dynasty of India.He succeeded his father in 1014 CE as the Chola emperor. After Rajaraja 2 his son ascended the throne. The king of Pandyan empire at that time was Maravarman Rajasimha II. Rajadhiraja I apparently had no male progeny to succeed him to the Chola throne, and Rajamahendra, Crown Prince for three years under Rajendra II, predeceased the father. The Cheras also lose a number of generals and chieftains in the battle, making it a heavy defeat. There is no definite answer for this, but to find an answer for this we need to know what had happened in last days of Chola history, as for as history concerned, Rajendra Chola become son of Raja Raja Chola become king after Raja Raja Chola. Chola, another son of Sundara Chola managed to replace him as the king. Rajendra-II, who had been nominated by his elder brother Rajadhiraja Chola I as heir apparent over his own children, proclaimed himself king on the Koppam battlefield after his victory. 2. He was very easily defeated by the young and intelligent Chola king Parantaka Chola I. Maravarman Rajasimha II had to bow before Parantaka's war tactics and accept his defeat. After Rajadhiraja died in 1054, Rajendra Chola II crowned himself on the battlefield. Vira Rajendra, also known as Vira Chola, ascended the throne in a.d. 1062-63 in succession to his brother Rajendra deva II, since the latter’s son Raja Mahendra had pre-deceased his father. The Later Chola dynasty ruled the Chola Empire from 1070 C.E. Even as crown prince he defeated Ahavamalla at Mudakkam. Rajendra's reign was followed by three of his sons in succession: Rajadhiraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola II and Virarajendra Chola. Parantaka Chola II expanded the Chola empire into what is now interior Andhra Pradesh and coastal Karnataka, while under the great Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas rose to a notable power in south east Asia. Most of the island was subsequently conquered by 1017 and incorporated as a province of the vast Chola empire during the reign of his son Rajendra Chola I. 1021 - 1024 as the Chola emperor. Parantaka Chola II (r. 957–970 CE) was a Chola king who ruled for about twelve years. He was a great ruler and even a mighty conqueror. Rajendra Chola inherited a vast reserve of wealth from his father. King Rajendra passed on all the powers to his sons and others in the family who ruled on his behalf. [3] He is best remembered for his role in the battle of Koppam along with his elder brother where he dramatically turned the tables on the Chalukyan King Somesvara I. The naval provess of the Cholas was at its peak. 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