DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY Shyam Chaturvedi. Experimental studies – deliberate intervention is made and the effect of such intervention is observed. The BELCAP Study; background: I Dental epidemiological study. Epidemiological study designs by anil mph, Basic concepts and principles of epidemiology, No public clipboards found for this slide.  Financial Cost of Illness. Epidemiological Study Designs, Survey Development & Capitalizing on EHR Data. The four main stud designs of epidemniology - cross sectional, cohort, case control and RCT are explained using a single example. Presentation Summary : Objectives of the Lecture. Other terminology important for epidemiological studies design module: Exposure: the risk factor (agent, experience, procedure, etc) that is suspected to have caused the disease. To test hypotheses, three study designs are commonly used, including the cross-sectional, cohort, or case-control approach. Epidemiology Study. findings. Development and anatomy of temporomandibular joint, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, No public clipboards found for this slide. Not every epidemiological study fits neatly into one of the basic designs. This is a brief introduction of types of epidemiological … Epidemiological Study Designs Dr. M.M.  Emotional reaction to disease and its care If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. General concept of descriptive epidemiology Study design in epidemiology Descriptive Analytic. 9/6/1999, 10/7/1999, 12/17/1999 8. Multiple cases of. Epidemiological study designs - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. epidemiological study designs ppt provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module.  A set of Symptoms, Signs and Lab results Health related states include disease and non-disease states. If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. 5.1 Epidemiological study designs and causality of epidemiological associations Both observational and experimental epidemiological studies have been conducted to assess the health risks associated with drinking-water disinfection (Table 22). Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. To describe experimental study designs and clinical trials. EHC 216: Disinfectants and Disinfectant By-products 278 EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY METHODS. 2. z. Case-cohort – Within a cohort study, compares all cases to a random subsample of the cohort – Subcohort can be used for multiple case groups. Understand key considerations in designing a study, including randomization, matching and blinding. Analytic study designs The architecture of the various strategies for testing hypotheses through epidemiologic studies, a comparison of their relative strengths and weaknesses, and an in-depth investigation of major designs. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "Study Designs in Epidemiology" is the property of its rightful owner. Descriptive study designs include case reports, case series, incidence studies, and ecologic studies. 5.1 Epidemiological study designs and causality of epidemiological associations Both observational and experimental epidemiological studies have been conducted to assess the health risks associated with drinking-water disinfection (Table 22). The case report is the most elementary study design in the literature. Each method has its own strengths and weaknesses. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Epidemiological Study Designs: Traditional and Novel Approaches to Advance Life Course Health Development Research November 2017 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-47143-3_22 The case report is the most elementary study design … Epidemiological study designs 1. Epidemiological studies are either observational or experimental. In statistical terms, this is your dependent variable. Observational studies – we do not interfere in the process of the disease, but simply observe the disease and the associated factors. ... appropriate study architecture, strategy and tactics to be used -not tradition, authority, ... Pai_Lecture3_Study_designs.ppt - Compatibility Mode  A bad outcome if Untimely Timeframe of Studies Prospective Study looks forward, looks  Death Overview of Epidemiological Study Designs 1 Madhukar Pai, MD, PhD McGill University madhukar.pai@mcgill.ca. Epidemiology notes Tilahun Nigatu Haregu. The case report is the most elementary study design in the literature. EHC 216: Disinfectants and Disinfectant By-products 278 Once this distinction has been drawn, then the different epidemiological study designs differ primarily in the manner in which information is drawn from the source population and risk … Questions to ask yourself ... PowerPoint Presentation Author: Zachary R Haines Epidemiological Study Designs And Measures Of Risks (2) PPT. Seminar Objectives Provide an overview of different types of study designs. Epidemiologic Study Designs •Descriptive studies –Seeks to measure the frequency of disease and/or collect descriptive data on risk factors •Analytic studies –Tests a causal hypothesis about the etiology of disease •Experimental studies –Compares, for example, treatments . View Study-Designs-ppt.pdf from NURSING 104 at University of Nairobi.  Discomfort You can change your ad preferences anytime. The third course, Validity and Bias in Epidemiology, builds on the fundamental concepts taught in the previous courses to discuss bias and confounding and how they might affect study results. 3 KEY CONCEPTS “Descriptive epidemiology” is the first step in epidemiological study. View Study-Designs-ppt.pdf from NURSING 104 at University of Nairobi. Epidemiological Study Designs And Measures Of Risks (2) PPT. Example of non-disease states – injury, substance use, suicide, Ask learners to explain the uses of epidemioloy, 1. In this course, you will learn about the main epidemiological study designs, including cross-sectional and ecological studies, case-control and cohort studies, as well as the more complex nested case-control and case-cohort designs. The 6 D’s of Health Outcomes Death Disease Discomfort Disability Dissatisfaction Destitution A bad outcome if Untimely A set of Symptoms, Signs and Lab results Symptoms such as pain, nausea and itching Impaired ability to go about usual activities Emotional reaction to disease and its care Financial Cost of Illness One case of unusual. Descriptive study designs include case reports, case series, incidence studies, and ecologic studies. Case-control studies. For a study to be classed as molecular epidemiology, it is essential that valid epidemiologic techniques and study designs be used, including the selection of study subjects from a defined population. 1. It should first be emphasized that all epidemiological studies are (or should be) based on a particular population (the ‘source population’) followed over a particular period of time (the ‘risk period’). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Population-based . See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Retrospective Conducted backward in time: past events. Analytic study designs - 209 rev.  Disability Epidemiologic Study Design Study design is the arrangement of conditions for the collection and analysis of data to provide the most accurate answer to a question in the most economical way. Case-control study designs: variations on a theme. This field can develop only if epidemiologists and molecular … Descriptive study and Cross sectional study. 16/37 Mweu, MBChB Level V Epidemiology, 11 October, 2019 UoN School of Public We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Mweu, MBChB Level V Epidemiology, 11 October, 2019 UoN School of Public In this course, you will learn about the main epidemiological study designs, including cross-sectional and ecological studies, case-control and cohort studies, as well as the more complex nested case-control and case-cohort designs. The choice of study design depends on the populations available for study, the frequencies of exposures and outcomes in the sample population, and the hypothesis or study question being addressed. Epidemiology ppt Keshab Chapagain. Outcome: the disease, endpoint that you are measuring. Types of Epidemiological Study Designs IV. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips.  Impaired ability to go about usual activities Cross-Sectional Study Objective • To estimate the magnitude and patterns of violence against pregnant women Study • Population-based, household, cross-sectional study in Mbeya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2001-2002 Result • Violence experienced by 7% in Dar es Salaam and 12% in Mbeya Ref: Stöckl H, Watts C, Kilonzo Mbwambo JK. To describe experimental study designs and clinical trials. In simple words, it is the study of the frequency with which diseases affect different groups of people and the reasons why they occur. Slide 15 Slide 16 Cohort study: Tobacco smoking and lung cancer, England & Wales, 1951 Prospective cohort study Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 Slide 25 Slide 26 Slide 27 Slide 28 Slide 29 Slide 30 Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Slide 34 Slide 35 … Basic Epidemiology Study Designs in Epidemiologic Research Thomas Songer, PhD Modified by Supercourse team * Descriptive study designs include case reports, case series, incidence studies, and ecologic studies. Describing health or disease occurrence There are two broad types of epidemiological studies: 1.  Dissatisfaction Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The study of disease distributions in the populations and the factors that influence this distribution is called as Epidemiology. A cross-sectional study is similar to a survey in that it provides a snapshot of the population at a point in time. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES 1. Other terminology important for epidemiological studies design module: Exposure: the risk factor (agent, experience, procedure, etc) that is suspected to have caused the disease. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Epidemiological Study Designs -With One Example - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online.  Disease A retrospective study is one where the study starts after the exposure (and probably outcome) has been ascertained. Careful observation of available information alone have led many successful preventive measures in the past. I A prospective study of school-children from an urban area of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Study Designs in Epidemiology Ahmed Mandil, MBChB, DrPH Prof of Epidemiology High Institute of Public Health University of Alexandria Headlines Epidemiological ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 4abcab-MTljM z. Nested case-control – Within a cohort study, compares all cases to a subset of persons who did not develop disease. I The aim of the study was to compare different methods to prevent caries. Epidemiologic study types have their roots in the concepts of scientific experimenta- tion. … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 2. Careful observation of available information alone have led many successful preventive measures in the past. Study Designs in Epidemiology Ahmed Mandil, MBChB, DrPH Prof of Epidemiology High Institute of Public Health University of Alexandria Headlines Epidemiological ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 4abcab-MTljM Describing health or disease occurrence cases with denominator. Study designs: Cross-sectional studies, ecologic studies (and confidence intervals) - Title: Study designs: Cross-sectional studies Subject: EPID 160, Principles of Epidemiology for Public Health Author: Victor J. Schoenbach, vjs@unc.edu | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view Calculate and interpret of OUTLINE INTRODUCTION DEFINITIONS CLASSIFICATION STUDY DESIGNS VARIOUS DESIGNS CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and john snow [physician] that the techniques for analysing data vary depending on the type of dxs being monitored but each study … Lancet 359:57-61. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The second course, Study Designs in Epidemiology, provides an overview of the most common study designs, their strengths and limitations. variability of extraneous factors (i.e., those factors other than the key study variables) was too small to affect the outcome under study to an important extent. Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? Especially for AYUSH reseachers It generally describes an injury or injuries to one or two individuals that have been identified in a medical setting. Experimental studies – deliberate intervention is made and the effect of such intervention is observed. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Descriptive Studies. Prospective Conducted forward in time: into the future 2. To describe observational study designs.  Symptoms such as pain, nausea and itching Within this framework, the most fundamental distinction is between studies of disease ‘incidence’ and studies of disease ‘prevalence’. Study design in epidemiology Descriptive Analytic. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Case-control Study – Design Select subjects on the basis of disease status Schulz KF and Grimes DA 2002. The case report is the most elementary study design in the literature. .A presentation on epidemiological study designs. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. findings. Presentation Summary : Objectives of the Lecture. Calculate and interpret of Understand the strengths and limitations of each type of study design, as applied to a particular research purpose. Study Designs in Epidemiologic Research Thomas Songer, PhD Modified by Supercourse team * Descriptive study designs include case reports, case series, incidence studies, and ecologic studies. Based on direction of follow-up/data collection: 1. Observational studies – we do not interfere in the process of the disease, but simply observe the disease and the associated factors. 3 KEY CONCEPTS “Descriptive epidemiology” is the first step in epidemiological study. Case Reports: •presentation of a single case or handful of cases When epidemiologic experiments are feasible, their design is guided by principles Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. To describe observational study designs. Descriptive and Cross Sectional Studies - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. In statistical terms, this is your independent variable. I The Belo Horizonte caries prevention (BELCAP) study. There are two broad types of epidemiological studies: 1. Epidemiologic study designs The 6 D’s of Health Outcomes You can change your ad preferences anytime. OKETADE SOA. Overview • Study Designs – Descriptive – Analytical •Observational •Experimental • Survey Development • EHR Data. This presentation is about the two basic epidemiological study designs. Basic concepts and principles of epidemiology Dr. Dharmendra Gahwai. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Epidemiologic Study Designs [M.Tevfik DORAK] Author: M.Tevfik DORAK, MD PhD Description: Last updated on 1 Oct 2007 Last modified by: M Tevfik DORAK Created Date: 1/21/2006 4:16:32 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: Dorak & Dorak Other titles For example, select persons with high LDL-cholesterol from among patients presenting to the metabolic clinic at the SFVA and treat with lovastatin to see if this results in lower LDL cholesterol.  Destitution An overview of clinical research. ... Descriptive studies 1. Epidemiological Study Designs Dr. M.M. Epidemiological study designs by anil mph Anil Chaudhary. Study …